1992-1998 of release
Repair and operation of the car
- 1. Maintenance instruction
1.2. Codes of models
1.3. Control panel
+ 1.4. Combination of devices
+ 1.5. Governing bodies and instrumentations
- 1.6. Start-up of the engine and driving
1.6.1. Check before start-up of the engine
1.6.2. Check after start-up of the engine
1.6.3. Methods of driving
+ 1.6.4. Towage of the trailer
1.6.5. Actions at refusal of start-up of the engine
1.6.6. Obligatory set of tools and spare wheel
1.6.7. Replacement of a wheel
1.6.8. Towage of the car
1.6.9. Motor compartment
1.6.10. Arrangement of safety locks
1.6.11. Check of level of oil in the engine
1.6.12. Oil brand choice
1.6.13. Check of level of cooling liquid
1.6.14. Composition of cooling liquid
1.6.15. Check of pressure in tires
1.6.16. Replacement of tires
1.6.17. Shift of wheels
1.6.18. Installation of winter tires and chains
1.6.19. Precautionary measures for cast aluminum disks
1.6.20. Check of an external condition of the battery
1.6.21. Check of level of electrolyte
1.6.22. Battery charging
1.6.23. Check and replacement of safety locks
+ 1.6.24. Replacement of lamps
1.8. Adjusting data, filling capacities and liquids
+ 1.9. Possible malfunctions
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling systems, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and half shafts
+ 9. Brake system
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
At a strong side wind reduce the speed that will increase controllability.
Come around on borders or barriers slowly, it is desirable at right angle. Avoid arrivals on the acting sharp subjects and potholes. Otherwise the rupture of a tire is possible.
At a parking on a steep slope turn forward wheels against the stop in a border that will exclude the spontaneous movement by a setup. Put the car on the emergency brake and put the lever in situation P (on automatic transmission) or include the first transfer (on mechanical KP). If necessary substitute under block wheels.
Features of driving of cars with a wheel formula 4х4
Pressure in tires has to meet standard (see subsection 2.1).
For preservation of efficiency of the all-wheel drive wear of tires of all wheels has to be uniform.
Periodically rearrange wheels (cm. subsection 2.6.7).
For increase of passability at the movement on dirt, sand or snow on forward wheels dress chains.
Right after overcoming of the almost impassable road (dirt, waters, etc.) check work of brakes.
At a driving under trying conditions it is necessary to reduce terms of periodic service.
Features of driving in winter conditions
The cooling system has to be filled with antifreeze on the basis of ethylene glycol.
Check a condition of the battery and power cables.
At a low temperature the capacity of the battery goes down. Therefore for start-up of the engine in winter conditions the battery has to be completely loaded and serviceable.
Be convinced that viscosity of oil in the engine corresponds to an operation season.
Application of summer brands of oil with the increased viscosity complicates start-up of the engine. Consult in service of car service concerning an oil brand choice for a winter season.
Take measures against frosting of locks of doors. For this purpose dig in wells special means against frosting of locks or glycerin. Before unlocking of a door heat a key.
In a tank of windscreen washer fill in the liquid containing special antifreeze. It is not allowed to use for washing of glasses antifreeze from the cooling system of the engine which destroys coloring of a body.
At frosts do not put the car on the emergency brake.
At a parking include the first transfer or transfer the lever to situation P (on automatic transmission). When freezing of the got moisture the mechanism of the emergency brake can not release a wheel.
Do not allow a congestion under wings of snow and ice which complicate turn of wheels. At a driving in snow weather occasionally stop and check a snow congestion under wings.
At a driving it is under trying conditions recommended to carry with itself certain accessories in the winter: chains, a shovel for snow, a sack with sand or salt, alarm rockets, starting cables, etc.