1992-1998 of release
Repair and operation of the car
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
- 3. Engines
- 3.1. Petrol engines
+ 3.1.1. Repair work without dismantle of the engine from the car
- 3.1.2. Dismantle and capital repairs
126.96.36.199. Diagnostics of the engine by means of a vakuumer
188.8.131.52. Check of a compression in engine cylinders
+ 184.108.40.206. Dismantle of the power unit - methods and safety measures
220.127.116.11. Alternatives of capital repairs of the engine
18.104.22.168. Order of dismantling of the engine
22.214.171.124. Head of the block of cylinders
126.96.36.199. Repair of valves
188.8.131.52. Shatunno-porshnevaya group
184.108.40.206. Dismantle of the crankshaft
220.127.116.11. Block of cylinders
18.104.22.168. Honningovaniye of cylinders
22.214.171.124. Cranked shaft
126.96.36.199. Radical and shatunny bearings
188.8.131.52. Engine assembly order
184.108.40.206. Piston rings
220.127.116.11. Installation of a cranked shaft and check of gaps of radical bearings
18.104.22.168. Back epiploon
22.214.171.124. Installation of shatunno-piston group
126.96.36.199. Start-up of the engine after repair and a running in
+ 3.2. Diesel engine
+ 3.3. Electric equipment of the engine
+ 4. Cooling systems, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and half shafts
+ 9. Brake system
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
Types of wear of radical and shatunny bearings
Places of drawing dimensional groups of inserts and necks on l engines 1,6 and 1,8
In spite of the fact that radical and shatunny bearings at capital repairs of the engine are subject to obligatory replacement, the bearings which were in operation should be stored in a place of their installation for careful check as wear tracks on these details allow to restore the general condition of the engine.
Insufficient greasing, presence of dirt and foreign particles, overload of the engine and corrosion are causes of destruction of bearings of a cranked shaft. Irrespective of the reason which caused destruction of bearings it should be eliminated before final assembly of the engine to avoid repeated damages of these details.
When checking a condition of bearings they should be got from seats (from the block of cylinders, covers of radical bearings of a cranked shaft, shatunny covers and rods) and to lay out on a pure surface in the same order in which they were established on the engine. It will allow to establish the corresponding support of a cranked shaft in which the bearing underwent the increased wear.
Dirt and foreign particles get to the engine for various reasons, in the course of assembly, via filters or system of ventilation of a case. Pollution can also get to oil, and from it – to bearings. Often at pollution there are metal particles from machining of details of the engine, or owing to wear at normal operation of the engine. Sometimes at pollution there are remains of abrasive materials after carrying out pritirochny and grinding works, especially at insufficient washing and a clearing of the engine after completion of works. Irrespective of the origin reason foreign pollution usually take root into a soft alloy of the bearing and are easily distinguishable. Large particles will not be able to take root into the bearing and lead to emergence of scratches and zadir on surfaces as bearing and necks of the crankshaft. The best way of the prevention of such wear is careful washing of details and maintenance of faultless purity at assembly of the engine. For the prevention of premature wear it is also recommended to a thicket to change oil and filters.
Insufficient greasing of the engine ("oil starvation") can be caused by a number of the interconnected reasons. Overloads concern to them an engine overheat (causes oil fluidifying) (cause expression of oil from a surface of bearings) and pressure decrease because of leak (emission) of oil (because of the raised gaps in bearings, wear of the oil pump, big frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft). Also blocking of oil channels, usually owing to a nesovmeshchennost of lubricant openings in the bearing and details of its case that causes insufficient greasing and failure is the reason of the accelerated wear of bearings of a cranked shaft. When insufficient greasing is a cause of destruction there is a wipe or expression of material of a covering of the bearing from a steel basis. Temperature increases to such level that from an overheat there is a vykrashivaniye of a steel basis of the bearing which gets a bluish shade.
The durability of bearings of a cranked shaft also significantly depends on skills of driving and nature of movement. Bearings experience the raised strain at the movement at a small speed at the included overgear. At the raised loadings there is an expression of an oil film. Bearings experience flexural deformations at which microcracks (fatigue wear) are formed. As a rule there is a bearing covering separation from a steel basis in the form of small particles. Trips on small distances can be the reason of corrosion wear of bearings as because of insufficient warming up the condensed moisture and gases causing corrosion do not manage to be removed. These components collect in oil, causing formation of acids and insoluble rainfall. In process of intake of oil to bearings there is a corrosion under the influence of acids, causing destruction of bearings and failure.
The exit of bearings out of operation can be also caused by the wrong installation at assembly of the engine. Too small gap in bearings is the reason of insufficient greasing and the increased wear. The dirt and foreign particles which got under the back party of the bearing cause its uneven prileganiye and premature failure.
If the bearings which were in operation are worn-out or have damages, or the gap in bearings does not meet standard (see subsection 188.8.131.52 and subsection 184.108.40.206), for selection of bearings it is necessary to execute certain actions which are described below. Nevertheless, if the crankshaft pereshlifovyvatsya, it is necessary to establish new repair inserts, – in this case not to apply the described procedures! In a workshop in which the crankshaft was under repair, will help you with a choice of inserts of the suitable size. Irrespective of a way of determination of the size of inserts measure a gap in bearings by means of a plastic calibration wire. It measurements are defining at installation of inserts.