Toyota Corolla

1992-1998 of release

Repair and operation of the car



Toyota Corolla
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
- 3. Engines
   - 3.1. Petrol engines
      + 3.1.1. Repair work without dismantle of the engine from the car
      - 3.1.2. Dismantle and capital repairs
         3.1.2.1. Specifications
         3.1.2.2. Diagnostics of the engine by means of a vakuumer
         3.1.2.3. Check of a compression in engine cylinders
         + 3.1.2.4. Dismantle of the power unit - methods and safety measures
         3.1.2.5. Alternatives of capital repairs of the engine
         3.1.2.6. Order of dismantling of the engine
         3.1.2.7. Head of the block of cylinders
         3.1.2.8. Repair of valves
         3.1.2.9. Shatunno-porshnevaya group
         3.1.2.10. Dismantle of the crankshaft
         3.1.2.11. Block of cylinders
         3.1.2.12. Honningovaniye of cylinders
         3.1.2.13. Cranked shaft
         3.1.2.14. Radical and shatunny bearings
         3.1.2.15. Engine assembly order
         3.1.2.16. Piston rings
         3.1.2.17. Installation of a cranked shaft and check of gaps of radical bearings
         3.1.2.18. Back epiploon
         3.1.2.19. Installation of shatunno-piston group
         3.1.2.20. Start-up of the engine after repair and a running in
   + 3.2. Diesel engine
   + 3.3. Electric equipment of the engine
+ 4. Cooling systems, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and half shafts
+ 9. Brake system
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment



3.1.2.3. Check of a compression in engine cylinders

GENERAL INFORMATION

Results of check of a compression in cylinders of the engine allow to judge a condition of group of details in the top part of the engine (pistons, rings, valves and laying of a head of the block of cylinders). Namely, reduction of a compression can be caused by leakage of combustion chambers owing to wear of piston rings, damage of heads of valves and saddles, a progar of laying of a head of the block of cylinders.


Prevention

For receiving exact results of check the engine has to be heated-up up to the normal temperature, and the battery is completely charged.


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Clear sites near spark plugs for what blow compressed air (in the absence of the compressor blow sites automobile, or even bicycle, the pump). It is necessary to exclude hit of dirt in cylinders at measurement of a compression.
2. Turn out spark plugs (see subsection 2.8.2).
3. Completely open a butterfly valve and fix in such situation.
4. Disconnect the central high-voltage wire from an ignition distributor cover, connect it to weight on the block of cylinders. For reliability execute connection with weight by means of the special short-circuiting wire piece with clips of alligator type on both ends. Also will not prevent to remove a safety lock of electronic system of injection of fuel on the assembly block that will provide a blackout of the electric fuel pump at measurement of a compression.
5. Insert the compression measuring instrument into an opening for a candle.
6. Include a starter and turn the crankshaft on some turns, watching indications of the manometer of the measuring instrument of a compression. On the serviceable engine pressure has to increase quickly. Low pressure after the first piston stroke and slow increase at the subsequent steps of compression indicates wear of piston rings. If after the first piston stroke pressure low, and at the subsequent steps of compression does not increase, leak in valves or leakage of laying of a head of the block of cylinders is the reason (also formation of cracks in a head can be the reason). Decrease in a compression can be also caused by deposits of a deposit on heads of valves. Write down the greatest value of a compression.
7. Repeat procedure of measurement for other cylinders, compare results to standard data.
8. Through an opening for a candle enter into each cylinder a little oil for the engine (about three full shpritsevy butterdishes), then repeat tests.
9. If after oil introduction the compression raised, it is possible to draw an unambiguous conclusion that piston rings are worn-out. If the compression increases slightly, leak happens via valves, or laying of a head of the block of cylinders. Leak via valves can be caused by a burn-out of saddles and / or facets of valves, and also deformation of cores of valves, or formation of cracks on them.
10. If the compression equally low only in two next cylinders, is the most probable cause a laying burn-out between these cylinders. Emergence in combustion chambers or in a case of the crankshaft of the block of cylinders of traces of cooling liquid will be confirmation of this conclusion.
11. If value of a compression in one of cylinders is 20 percent lower, than in other cylinders, and the engine unstably idles, wear of a cam of the cam-shaft operating the final valve can be the cause.
12. If value of a compression exceeds norm, the combustion chamber is covered with deposits of a deposit. In this case the head of cylinders should be removed and removed a deposit.
13. If the compression in all cylinders low, or strongly differs for different cylinders, it is necessary to carry out tests of combustion chambers for tightness for what it is necessary to address in a specialized workshop. As a result of tests places of leaks have to be precisely established and the quantitative characteristic of leak is given.